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Clean Ganga Europe Desk Conference 2018 offers the chance to connect with Indian and European high level stakeholders and actors with a common vision...

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The EIP Water and the India-EU Water Partnership support the Clean Ganga Europe desk

The initiative of the Indian Government

 

Tackling pollution of Ganga River: a major priority of the Indian authorities

Rapidly increasing population, rising standards of living and exponential growth of industrialisation and urbanisation have exposed the Indian water resources, in general, and the rivers, in particular. The mighty Ganga river (length: 2.525 km) is no exception.

The deterioration in the water quality has an immediate impact on the local population. During lean seasons Ganga has particularly, in some stretches, become unfit for bathing.

In the Ganga basin approximately 12.000 million litres per day (mld) sewage is generated, for which presently there is a treatment capacity of only around 4.000 mld. Approximately 3000 mld of sewage is discharged into the main stem of the river Ganga from the Class I & II towns located along the banks, against which treatment capacity of about 1000 mld has been created till date.

The contribution of industrial pollution, volume-wise, is about 20 per cent but due to its toxic and non- biodegradable nature, this has much greater significance.

The industrial pockets in the catchments of Ramganga and Kali rivers and in Kanpur city are significant sources of industrial pollution. The major contributors are tanneries in Kanpur, distilleries, paper mills and sugar mills in the Kosi, Ramganga and Kali river catchments.

The Ganga River Basin Management Plan 

In the past years, the Indian Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvanation developed a Ganga River Basin Management Plan. For the implementation a broad scala of technologies is needed.

The plan includes the following main aspects:

•Creation of new Sewerage Treatment Capacity

•Industrial Effluent Monitoring

•River-Front Development

•Industrial Effluent Monitoring

•River Surface Cleaning

•Bio-Diversity Conservation

•Afforestation

•Raising Public Awareness

•Creation of water and sanitation facilities and the construction of toilets